Be clear with what you expect from your trip and concentrate mainly in its larger goal. Determine the amount that has or may invest and what time available to make your trip in South America - 10 days, 1 month, 6 months or more than 1 year? Choose your preferred route and offering attractive best. This decision should be well planned, researched and analyzed in detail, before starting your trip. Determine responsibilities associated goals for you and all your companions. From there "buen viaje". Your adventure through South America has begun!
Spanish is the official language of most countries of South America (except Brazil, whose language is Portuguese; Guyana, English, Surinam, the Dutch, and French Guiana, French.) If you are a independent traveler is recommended to have a reasonable knowledge of these languages, it may be forced to ask and understand the answers without major indigenous dificuldades.Línguas are also spoken in various regions, such as Quechua in Peru and Bolivia, the Aymara altiplano of Chile of Bolivia and Peru and the Guarani in Paraguay. A course in Spanish and / or Portuguese is recommended and always have a dictionary at hand. Regardless of anything, with a little effort you can easily communicate, finding, most often, an incredible hospitality.
Most expenses will certainly be with your vehicle (tolls, fuel, review, maintenance and vessels when, eventually have to make a journey from one point to another to continue the trip), noting that the vehicle can be car, bike , motorcycle or any other means of transport. Camping is the best way to discover wonderful places and at the same time, more economical. Also consider spending passports, insurance, transport, maps, books, guides, films, cameras and equipment for car and personal. Sacrificing some kind of luxury you are accustomed to is normal. Think that with a little creativity you can spend less and get that necessary comfort, wherever and however. Make personal safety your greatest asset, and the highest priority of your trip.
The health issue today in South America is much better than before, but on many trips is vital vaccinations against diseases such as typhoid, cholera, tetanus and hepatitis. A detailed list depends on the area you will visit, so get upgraded into centers of health information for travelers with your doctor or data. The tetanus vaccine is valid for ten years, no need to take it so often. The vaccine against yellow fever (also valid for ten years) is usually applied for free in airports - inquire. Malaria is the most dangerous tropical disease, especially in much of the Amazon region. Although there is no vaccine against malaria, it can be countered with strong medications that can have side effects, especially in pregnant women and people under some medication effect. Use, where possible, mosquito screens in places where you want to sleep. Before leaving for your trip, see a dentist and ask tips on how to prepare a basic 'kit' for possible problems with teeth and mouth. For ailments and minor incidents, keep in hands repellent against insects, remedy for stomach lotion to soothe bites, antibiotic ointment, gauze and tape. Do a first aid course is recommended. Age is no restriction for those who wish to travel around South America Just make sure that your health is in order, making a brief check-up.
For information about risks of crime among the 'website' embassy of the destination country. If traveling to remote areas, inform yourself about the risks along to other travelers and local guides. Notify always where you go to someone's home, your travel agency or the confident owner of a hotel in the nearest town. The most common type of crime is the theft rating in the street, a risk that can be reduced with a few precautions. Make photocopies of your passport, airline tickets and important documents, and just walk with them. Leave the originals in the hotel and other copies in a safe house. If the victim of any crime, immediately report it to the police. It can be difficult to recover what was stolen, but it takes a copy of the police report for insurance reimbursement. If you leave without money and passport, notify the diplomatic representation of the country where you are. Addresses can be found on the website of Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
If rent a car abroad, check carefully the conditions of the insurance contract. Some countries have covers for acronyms that are not always clear in his translations. To avoid problems, it is ideal to check the specific conditions of each country in South America before leaving their country of origin. If you plan to travel by car or bike to the Mercosur countries (Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Argentina), consult your insurer and check the possibility of hiring an extension of scope of coverage for these countries. Be protected is arguably the best option. For more information contact the Automobile Club of his country.
Mercosur citizens (Brazilians, Uruguayans, Paraguayans and Argentines) usually do not need visas to travel to countries in South America for 90 days. As the requirements for crossing boundaries change regularly, check with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of his country or the embassy of the country you visit. Some tourist visas "online" and others through travel agents or brokers but some countries require a trip to the consulate in person. Could be obtained Know.
International credit cards and debit cards (the most accepted are Visa and Mastercard) are ideal for paying hotel bills, restaurant, car rental place and withdraw cash at ATMs. For those who wish to travel with own vehicle, ready to toll charges, fuel and maintenance. Bring cash (preferably U.S. dollars) and change only the amount needed. Traveller's checks are also a good option.
Tip: Check the amount of coins www.oanda.com.
Depending on the country that you wish to travel, luggage should contain clothes for hot and cold climates. In some regions of South America, for example, in the Atacama Desert (Chile), during the day it is quite possible that you have to wear a hat, shirt and shorts but at night, it will be necessary to coats and blankets because the temperature reaches 0 ° C even in summer.
If you even book your flights remains to be seen as circular in the destination country. Generally domestic flights are expensive, but the system can provide airpass economy, offering good discounts to those who take a certain number of flights. Mercosur Airpass covers Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay and Chile.
There are four main frequencies of GSM (Global System for Mobile) in the world. Some countries use Multiple Access (CDMA Code Division) technology - inquire with your carrier. To use your cell phone while traveling through South America, your provider will have to enable it to "roaming". Before traveling, check rates with using the phone abroad; each provider has a grid whose price amounts can be quite high. Another possibility is to use a satellite phone tracker (SPOT). Besides serving as a means of communication, will certainly be a great security tool, especially if used in remote areas.
Definitely the best guide is the "South American Handbook", edited by Ben Box and published by Prentice Hall. Can also be used as a reference guide "Lonely Planet on a Shoestring", "Inside Guide South America" or "On the Road - Travel Guide Around South America." Organize how many books and maps are needed before you leave home. Find them on the path is not so easy and the quality sometimes is not reliable.
The e-mail is the easiest way to keep in touch during your travels in the countries of South America Address e-mail providers such as Hotmail and Yahoo! half are easier to access in places with unstable internet connections. For those with laptops with wifi, hotels and many other places offer wireless internet, but pay attention to the amount charged.
Let your camera always ready. Picturesque places and people are synonymous in South America But beware: In many parts of South America people do not like to be photographed. Not due to primitive fear of cameras, but the resentment for feeling used. So ask politely and show some earlier pictures of other people, thus obtaining a more friendly reaction. No hindrance to enter cameras in the countries of South America there, but it is advisable to register all electronic equipment before leaving their country of origin.
Tip: Read the book "Complete Guide to Travel Photography" by Scott S. Stuckey National Geographic. It is certainly a very fruitful for photographers of all skill levels read.
Plan where possible, develop some physical activity. Walk, swim, play and practice some gymnastics is an excellent alternative to the body's muscles relax after a few hours sitting in a car, plane, bike or motorcycle. In a lot of places you will easily find gyms, as well as good places to hike, snorkel, swim, surf.
For the drug police are one of the main arguments for a general in his vehicle. In fact, the bus passengers are more concerned than vehicles of independent travelers. Anyway, if you are a user, use extreme caution. The possession of a single marijuana cigarette can lead to severe penalties.
Bringing animals on a long trip can be crucial. First, because it must be immunized against diseases and are inspected in almost all agricultural plants; second because many countries do not allow boats or the entry of animals. Another problem is in relation to climate. One day can be very cold and the other so hot that it is impossible to let the animal inside the vehicle. Be conscious traveler and think twice before you take your pet, no matter how good your company and protection.
Firearms are illegal, except with the permission of the competent authorities of each country. You hardly need to use one during the trip. The most recommended is to let the local police to resolve any problem. More appropriate to carry a firearm is to get a good communication device (see Telephony) and be aware of everything and everyone. Have faith, this will help at all times.
If you are invited by someone to stay in your home, repay the kindness, taking you to dinner, presenting him with a bottle of wine or even, depending on the case, offering a bag of rice, flour or beans.
This is the basic requirement for anyone wishing to take a trip point. When you are in other countries, always consider yourself as a guest and as such, their attitudes should be educated, discreet and intelligent. If you dont like something, do not fight. Do not destroy nature and not throw garbage on the streets, forests and beaches. Do not do anything that could harm the environment or cultural site. If all this is too difficult, try to think about it and if you still can not, it is better not leave the house. A good education in South America said always say "hola" or "buenos dias".
Tip: Learn about the local culture of the countries in the Travel and Culture section of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (travel.national-geographic.com/places) site. You can also learn more about what you should or should not do in many countries with expert Dean Foster (deanfosterassociates.com).